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Is it painful to take the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test?

No, not at all. It was really important to us when inventing this test, that it would be comfortable and easy enough that anyone would be happy to take a test every day if they needed to.

All the KnowNow test needs is a simple saliva sample from the mouth. Unlike alternative antigen tests or most PCR tests, the KnowNow test does not require the clinical professional to insert a swab very high inside the nose to collect a sample from the nasopharynx, nor does it require a tonsil swab. This is one COVID-19 test that won't make people gag or cry.

What is a lateral flow test?

A lateral flow test is a simple diagnostic device designed to detect the presence or absence of a target substance in a liquid sample without the need for specialised and costly equipment.

The most commonly recognised type of lateral flow rapid test strip is the pregnancy test.

Are there any health risks to or side effects from taking the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test?ᵀ

There are no health risks associated with using the KnowNow test itself, and it is safe to use on all individuals.

Receiving a negative result means that the individual tested does not have any live virus in the sample provided and is not currently infectious to others. However, it's important to be aware that they could still be exposed to the SARS-CoV-2 virus following the test. It could also be possible that the individual tested has already been exposed to the virus 1 or 2 days ago, and they have not yet become infectious to others.

As a result, we recommend that individuals are tested as regularly as possible to keep workplaces and communities safe. Depending on the scenario, we would recommend testing is repeated every 1 to 3 days.

If this regular testing is combined with mask wearing, hand washing and social distancing, the risk of virus transmission is vastly decreased.

How much space do I need to store the tests?

One box contains 25 tests, and measures 20cm (L) x 21cm (W) x 8cm (H).

The space required depends on how many tests you require at any given time. However, as the KnowNowᵀᴹ Tests can be stored at any temperature between 2 and 30 degrees, special storage facilities should not be required in the UK, unless there is unusually hot weather.

Is it necessary to perform multiple tests to be sure of the result?

It should not be necessary to perform more than one test on a given individual at a single point in time, unless the KnowNowᵀᴹ device test results window displays no lines at all, meaning that the test has failed, or unless it was not possible to read the test results within 15 to 60 minutes of applying the mixed saliva and buffer solution to the KnowNowᵀᴹ device.

However, receiving a negative result does not mean that the individual tested can't be exposed to the SARS-CoV-2 virus following the test. So we do recommend that individuals are tested regularly to keep workplaces and communities safe. Depending on the scenario, we would recommend testing is repeated every 1 to 3 days.

How long can unused KnowNowᵀᴹ Tests be kept before they expire?

The expiry date of KnowNowᵀᴹ Tests will be clearly marked on their packaging, and you can expect the shelf-life of each box of tests to be at least four months.

How accurate are your tests?

COVID-19 test accuracy is typically determined by ‘specificity’ and ‘sensitivity’.

Specificity is about the extent to which you can eliminate false positives; sensitivity is how much virus needs to be present before a test picks it up. So there is always a need to strike a balance, when testing, between trying to pick up the virus as early as possible, versus accidentally delivering a positive test result for someone who is not actually infected.

The specificity of the KnowNowᵀᴹ Test is 100%. In more than 700 negative patient saliva samples, we haven’t had a single false positive.

What’s important when it comes to sensitivity is how much virus needs to be present in the patient sample for the test to give a positive signal. This is known as the 'Limit of Detection', and we measure this rather than clinical sensitivity as it is much more informative. Our Limit of Detection is between 50,000 and 200,000 viral copies per mL, making our test more sensitive than other rapid antigen tests available. The Abbott BinaxNow test, for example, needs 1,000,000 viral copies per mL in order to get a positive signal. The KnowNowᵀᴹ Test's very low Limit of Detection means it can detect infected people as early as day 3 to 4 of infection. This is before they become highly infectious, and a day or two earlier than most tests available (based on models of viral load in disease progression).

If you'd like to read more about this subject, we recommend this paper. It argues that the "Limit of Detection matters and directly impacts efforts to identify, control, and contain outbreaks during this pandemic" since "higher LoD are likely to miss nonnegligible fractions of infected individuals." It also makes the case that Limit of Detection values for tests using universal standard metrics should be readily available in the public domain to enable like-for-like comparison.

What's the long term vision for Vatic beyond COVID-19?

We’re focused on developing our predictive health technology and tests so that we can make medicine more proactive and help to predict illness before it becomes acute or infectious. We want to empower people to feel in charge of their own health and wellbeing by making testing more readily accessible and available, allowing for earlier prediction and prevention of acute illnesses.

How big is a KnowNowᵀᴹ Test kit?

One box contains 25 tests, and measures 20cm (L) x 21cm (W) x 8cm (H).

Why are you called Vatic?

The adjective "vatic" means "describing or predicting what will happen in the future," and derives directly from the Latin word vates, meaning "seer" or "prophet."

We chose this name as it speaks to our mission to make healthcare more proactive and empowering, through predictive screening for acute disease.

How should used KnowNowᵀᴹ Tests be disposed of?

Used tests, swabs and buffer dropper tubes should be disposed of as potentially hazardous clinical waste.

Had COVID - 19 symptoms in the last 2 days? Apply here to help us make testing accessible to all.